Regular Article| Volume 10, ISSUE 8, P573-578, December 2001

Single small enhancing computed tomographic (CT) lesions in Indian patients with new-onset seizures. A prospective follow-up in 75 patients

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      This study was planned to observe the clinical and radiological course of single small enhancing CT lesions in Indian patients presenting with new-onset-seizures. In this study, 75 patients with new-onset seizures and a single enhancing CT lesion were prospectively followed up for 1 year. All patients fulfilled the criteria of cysticercus granuloma. The repeat CT scans were performed 2 months after the first CT scan. Antiepileptic drug therapy was the only form of treatment given. The majority of patients were below 20 years of age. Simple partial seizure, with or without secondary generalization, was the commonest type of seizure encountered in these patients. In follow-up CT scans 84% of patients showed either disappearance or regression in the size of lesion. The proportion of patients showing complete disappearance of CT lesions was 0.73 (95% CI, 0.61–0.80). In 11 (15%) patients the lesions were calcified. In nine patients , in whom the lesion had persisted or regressed, another follow-up CT scan (6 months after the second scan) revealed either complete disappearance or calcification of the lesions. The majority (86.6%) of patients remained seizure free for 1 year after starting antiepileptic drugs. Ten patients experienced seizure recurrences within the first month of therapy. The proportion of patients who remained seizure free was 0.86 (95% CI, 0.76–0.92). Four patients experienced seizure recurrence even after complete disappearance of CT lesions. In the majority of patients the lesions disappeared spontaneously and in a few the lesions calcified; hence these patients did not require anticysticercal therapy. Antiepileptic therapy was helpful in controlling further recurrences of seizures in most of the patients. A few patients experienced seizures even after disappearance of CT lesions.




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